Aklym Main Line Roofing and Siding
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There are a number of things to consider when selecting a new roofing system. Of course, cost and durability head the list, but aesthetics and architectural style are important, too. The right roofing system for your home is one that balances these four considerations.


The following roofing products commonly are used for steep-slope structures - which most of our homes are today.

 

  • Asphalt shingles possess an overwhelming share of the U.S. steep-slope roofing market and can be reinforced with organic or fiberglass materials. Although asphalt shingles reinforced with organic felts have been around much longer, fiberglass-reinforced products now dominate the market.
  • Organic shingles consist of a cellulose-fiber (i.e., wood) base that is saturated with asphalt and coated with colored mineral granules.
  • Fiberglass shingles consist of a fiberglass mat, top-and-bottom layers of asphalt, and mineral granules.


One of the most important attributes of roofing materials is fire resistance. The fire resistance of roofing materials is categorized by Class A, B or C designation. Class A signifies the most fire-resistant; Classes Band C denote less fire resistance. Asphalt shingles can have A, B, or C fire ratings, but generally, most fiberglass shingles have Class A fire ratings, and most organic shingles have Class C ratings.

A shingle's reinforcement has little effect on its appearance. Organic and fiberglass products are available in laminated (architectural) grades that offer a textured appearance. Zinc or copper-coated ceramic granules also can be applied to organic or fiberglass products to protect against algae attack, a common problem in warm, humid parts of the United States. Asphalt, Organic and Fiberglass shingles are available in a variety of colors.


Regardless of reinforcing type and appearance, asphalt shingles' phvsical characteristics vary significantly. When installing asphalt shingles, we recommend that shingles comply with American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standards-ASTM 0 225 for organic shingles and ASTM 0 3462 for fiberglass shingles. Although these standards govern the composition and physical properties of asphalt shingles, not all asphalt shingles on the market comply with these standards. If a shingle product complies with one of these standards, it is typically noted in the manufacturer's product literature and on the package wrapper.


Wood shingles and shakes are made from cedar, redwood, southern pine and other woods. Their natural look is popular in California, the Northwest and parts of the Midwest. Wood shingles are sawed by machine; shakes are handmade and rougher looking. A point to consider: Some local building codes limit the use of wood shingles and shakes because of concerns about fire resistance. Many wood shingles and shakes only have Class C fire ratings or no ratings at all. However, Class A fire ratings are available for certain wood shingle products that incorporate a factory-applied, fire-resistant treatment.

Tile - made from either clay or concrete - is a durable roofing material. Mission and Spanish-style round-topped tiles are used widely in the Southwest and Florida, and flat styles also are available to create French and English looks. Tile is available in a variety of colors and finishes. Tile is heavy. If you are replacing another type of roof system with tile, you will need to verify that your structure can support the load.


Slate is quarried in the United States in Vermont, New York, Pennsylvania and Virginia. It is available in different colors and grades, depending on its origin. Considered virtually indestructible, it is, however, more expensive than other roofing materials. In addition, its application requires special skill and experience. This long-lasting roofing material still protects many old homes, especially in the Northeast. Metal, primarily thought of as a low-slope roofing material, has been found to be a roofing alternative for home and building owners with steep-slope roofs. There are two types of metal roofing products: panels and shingles. Numerous metal panel shapes and configurations exist. Metal shingles typically are
intended to Simulate traditional roof coverings, such as wood shakes, shingles and tile. Apart from metal roofing's longevity, metal shingles are relatively lightweight, have a greater resistance to adverse weather and can be esthetically pleasing. Some have Class A fire ratings.

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